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The construction of logistics informatization must choose the right path

release time:2020-07-21Popularity:283

Informationization and standardization are the two basic characteristics of modern logistics. Currently, logistics informatization has two clear development directions: one is horizontal integration to form a public logistics information platform system; the other is vertical integration to form a professional overall solution. From a technical point of view, radio frequency tags (RFID), service-oriented architecture (SOA), and business intelligence (BI), etc., continue to be technical hotspots of concern. Based on these technologies, a new situation of informatization is being created.

The "National Logistics Standards 2005-2010 Development Plan" has been jointly promulgated by eight departments including the National Standardization Management Committee and the National Development and Reform Commission. The "Plan" puts forward more than 300 requirements in the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" based on a unified logistics standardization system. The specific formulation and revision standards implemented during the period. This indicates that the logistics standardization work divided by the original department has been unified management, and the work model has begun to reduce the dependence on the administrative system.

   A number of important basic standards have begun to be developed and revised, such as "Logistics Terminology" and "Logistics Cost", as well as standards on intermodal flat pallets, RFID technology and application. In the process of formulating and revising these standards, companies have shown great enthusiasm and become an important new force. In the process of integrating resources, enterprises increasingly realize that integration is inseparable from standards.

   Logistics informatization and standardization will achieve better development this year. Judging from the planning of various government departments, the pace of logistics informatization will accelerate, and new breakthroughs will be made in both the construction of public information platforms and specialized system solutions. Many experts believe that if the correct strategy is adopted, my country's logistics informatization can achieve leapfrog development.

The so-called correct strategy one refers to giving full play to the government’s advantages and accelerating the construction of basic informatization, especially starting from government regulatory requirements, regarding the informatization, standardization, and conditions of vehicles, containers, pallets, gas cylinders and important logistics documents. Use RFID as soon as possible. It is necessary to increase investment in food, medicine, tobacco, chemical dangerous goods, etc., and implement full-process information tracking.

   The second means that the basic information resources formed by the government in basic information construction should be opened to the society as soon as possible. my country has already installed chips on the second-generation ID cards, and RFID has also been installed on all carriages of national railways, and RFID will soon be installed on logistics equipment such as automobiles and containers. However, if these measures only meet the internal needs of government management and cannot be opened to the society, then the benefits of these investments will be greatly reduced and the pace of informatization of the entire society will be delayed. Therefore, measures must be taken to gradually develop basic information resources to serve the society without affecting national security and administrative supervision. Some basic information services even have to be determined through legislation.

   The third is to pay attention to the relationship between e-government and e-commerce. As public information platforms are getting more and more attention, some e-government platforms are expanding to e-commerce. In terms of joint use of basic networks and information resources, the combination of the two is advantageous, but if it is not handled well, it will be problematic to bundle two completely different business models together. E-government is often compulsory. It is not profit-oriented, and the taxpayer’s money is used to invest; while e-commerce is a profit-oriented commercial activity that runs on market mechanisms and must avoid monopoly in order to give users full options. , So the two should not be closely tied together.

From the perspective of the development trend of logistics standardization, although there will be repetitions, the management mode of industry technical standards will gradually be in line with international standards, except for the mandatory standards that must be implemented for major safety and strategic development issues involving the country, the people, and the environment. In addition, general industry standards, especially recommended technical standards, must be formulated and revised by industry organizations, professional standards organizations and other institutions. Only in this way can the application effect of the standards be improved and the division in the management of technical standards in our country can be changed.

  In the future, the enthusiasm of enterprises to participate in the formulation of industry standards will be significantly increased, which will promote logistics standards to be more professional and operable. In terms of content, in addition to the basic "Logistics Terminology", "Logistics Cost" and intermodal flat pallet standards, logistics service standards will be eye-catching. Standard contracts, agreements, complaints, arbitrations, logistics companies triggered by service standards A series of related developments such as the improvement of evaluation standards will be more conducive to industry self-discipline and promote industry maturity. In addition, the informationization and standardization of logistics will be more closely integrated. Because it is necessary to realize the integration of information to drive the integration of resources and markets, the standardization of information is a basis. Therefore, more and more standard issues will be involved in future informatization projects. In particular, the application of RFID technology, as a key technology for key development and application, has concentrated many basic problems of informatization and standardization. The solution of these problems will greatly accelerate the process of my country's logistics informatization and standardization.

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